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UNESCO World Heritage Sites and time travel in Lake Constance, Germany

When you think of countries with a rich history, Germany doesn’t immediately spring to mind. Yet Germany has 39 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, each providing wonderful insights into its culture and heritage.

The southern region of Baden-Württemberg is perhaps best known for its natural attractions. The Rhine borders the west, and the Danube starts at the region’s heart in the midst of the Black Forest. And then there’s Lake Constance, also known as Bodensee, the third largest freshwater lake in Europe. But beyond these natural attractions, it was here that our explorations of Germany’s history and UNESCO World Heritage Sites would begin.

Following a lengthy but relaxing eight-hour train journey aboard a DeutscheBahn train from Leipzig to the southern city of Constance, we arrived in the late afternoon. Constance is a university city which gives its name to the lake… or the lake to the town. Either way, its has more to offer than just lakeside views.

Rococo facade of the Haus zum Wolf in the town of Constance, Germany

Building in the town of Constance, GermanyTraditional architecture in the town of Constance, GermanyKonstanz Minster, in the town of Constance, GermanyThe town centre of Constance, Germany

Its city centre is home to a smörgåsbord of architectural styles, including the rococo Haus zum Wolf and the city’s renowned Gothic cathedral.

As Constance borders Switzerland it thankfully suffered little or no bombing during the Second World War, so much of its old buildings have been preserved. They sport inviting wooden doors and odd architectural flourishes with legendary tales like a little stone bottom hovering above a doorway. Legend has it if you kiss the bottom it will bring you good luck.

The Lutherian Church in Constance

The town centre of Constance, GermanyDoor of a building dating back to 1322 in the town of Constance, near one of Germany's UNESCO World Heritage SitesDoor with unusual decor, Constance in GermanyKiss the lucky bottom, Constance, Germany

Constance is also the birthplace of Count von Zeppelin, of the famous airships. And there is a fascinating Zeppelin museum at nearby Friedrichshafen.

However, the city’s most famous attraction is Lake Constance. We stood taking in the last of the evening’s light as the sky burned from blue to ochre, yellow to orange and pink. From the German side of the lake we saw Switzerland stretching out before us on one side, while far out of sight at the lake’s most westerly reaches it bordered a third country, Austria.

Sunset on the banks of Lake Constance, or Bodensee

Sunset, Lake ConstanceSunset on the banks of Lake ConstanceBird at sunset over Lake ConstanceThe last of the day's light over Lake Constance

That evening we stopped at the Brauhaus for dinner, which served traditional German stews, meats, sausages, spätzles, pretzels and beer, and in great quantities.

The Brauhaus in Constance, Germany

We stayed at the lovely Hotel Constantia, a mere 100 metres from the Swiss border. We couldn’t resist strolling over the border and crossing into Switzerland that evening.

Break for the border - the border with Switzerland in the town of Constance

History on the water

Sailing on Lake Constance

The next day, following a one hour ferry ride we landed on the island of Reichenau to the east of Constance and explored one of Germany’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The island gained this recognition in 2000, in part due to its Benedictine Monastery, which was founded in 724 and has been central to the religious and cultural life of islanders and communities nearby.

Romanesque church of Saints Peter and Paul in UNESCO World Heritage site Reichenau Island

Reichenau Island MuseumUNESCO World Heritage site Reichenau IslandDoor dating back to 1745, Reichenau Island

The churches of St Mary and Marcus, St Peter and St Paul, and St George, built between the 9th and 11th centuries, reveal more of the monastic architecture of the period with murals which have been painstakingly restored. The churches and their murals were also instrumental in Reichenau becoming one of the country’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Sankt Georg Church on UNESCO World Heritage site Reichenau Island

More than 20 churches and chapels were built on Reichenau and the island has been attracting artists and intellectuals for centuries.

But for an island of such cultural significance it is surprisingly diminutive. Reichenau is approximately five kilometres by one and a half kilometres, and has a population of 3,500. However it has a big reputation for its production of fruit, vegetables and grapes. For centuries monks on the island have produced wines that are rightly famous.

Wine produced on Reichenau Island, a UNESCO World Heritage site

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the making?

Leaving the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Reichenau we headed for a modern heritage experience at Campus Galli. Though I use the word ‘modern’ loosely.

Many history lovers have longed for the power to travel back in time and see the world as it once was. Reluctantly we accept it’s merely a dream.

However, we discovered a genuine historical experience at Campus Galli, a project near the town of Messkirch. Here, modern-day artisans are creating a piece of work that gives enormous insight into the lives of our forefathers.

The carpenter, Campus Galli

The site of the soon to be built monastry at Campus GalliLogs chopped and ready for construction at Campus GalliLogs at the carpenter's, Campus Galli, GermanyMaking furniture, Campus Galli, a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methods

Using drawings of a 9th century monastery that was never built, construction has finally begun on the site. While it is well over 1,000 years late, the compound is being built with only the methods, tools and materials that were available in the 9th century.

Mechanical machines and tools are forbidden on the site. There is no electricity, raw materials – wood, clay and stone needed for the construction is taken from the site, and all the craftsmen and women wear clothes from the period.

We were given a fantastic tour of the site by Andy, Campus Galli’s potter.

Potter Andy pours us water from his clay pots at the Campus Galli, a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methods

Wooden clogs are everyday footwear at Campus GalliThe potter with his spade used for digging out clay at Campus Galli, a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methodsWeaving at Campus Galli in GermanyWoman making rope using medieaval methods at Campus Galli, GermanyWooden door to a traditionally built hut at Campus Galli, Germany

Emerging from wooded areas into clearings we came upon small dwellings, were the craftspeople – stonemasons, carpenters, blacksmiths, potters, beekeepers, basket makers and many more – employed their skills to create this magnum opus.

The basket weavers at Germany's Campus Galli - a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methods

Stone masons at Campus Galli, a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methodsSheep at Campus Galli, a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methodsA handmade animal pen at Campus Galli, a project aiming to build a mediaeval monastery using all traditional methodsPigs at Campus Galli

The Campus Galli which began in 2013 is slowly taking shape, but will take an incredible 40 years to complete.

This medieval masterpiece is a truly fascinating and historically accurate development providing a unique experience and an absorbing day out. No doubt it will one day be another of Germany’s UNESCO World Heritage sites in the future.

For now, it is the closest we will ever get to real time travel.

Find out more about Lake Constance and about Germany’s 39 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

About

LiveShareTravel's co-founder Terry has never met a country he didn't like. In fact the more he has travelled the more he appreciates the world, and realises that people are largely reassuringly similar. He also enjoys discovering new cultures and has an endless wanderlust only matched by his passion for bathing in beer with new friends. Oh yes, he's most at home in the spa. Terry is also co-author of the The Luxury Traveller's Handbook.

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